The Wildlife of the Litchfield National Park

The Wildlife of the Litchfield National Park

Written by: Cameron Ward

Published: 06/26/2017

Reading time: 2 mins

Litchfield National Park is located around 100km from Darwin in the Northern Territory of Australia.

The expansive area covers more than 1,500 square kilometres and has retained its national park status since 1986. It was named after Frederick Henry Litchfield, a keen explorer who travelled much of the Northern Territory back in the mid-1800s.

The region has been inhabited by Aboriginal tribes for thousands of years. The plants and animals that call the area home remain important parts of the park for many different reasons.

The Plant Life of the Litchfield National Park

At the heart of the park, there is a central sandstone plateau. It provides the perfect habitat for woodland flora, including species like the Darwin woolybutt, stringybark, and banksias.

Elsewhere, monsoon rainforest backdrops that have set up camp in the ancient gorges. They are home to colourful plant species, like lilies, ground orchids, and swamp bloodwoods.

The Animal Life of the Litchfield National Park

With so many ecosystems, the animal species in Litchfield National Park are diverse. Native kangaroos and wallabies, possums, flying foxes, and dingoes all live here. At Tolmer Falls, you can find caves filled with rare orange leaf-nosed bats.

The bird life is equally as exciting. Plenty of native bird species, including black kites, spangled drongo, and the rainbow bee-eater, can be found near the many waterfalls. Around Wangi Falls, you might be able to catch a glimpse of the marsupial mouse and the bush-hen.

In other areas characterised by water, you might spot monitors,  honeyeaters and figbirds, bandicoot and the brushtail possum. During the warmer months, frill-necked lizards come out to play, while the Finniss River remains home to a group of large saltwater crocs.

Perhaps one of the most popular parts of the park, though, are the magnetic termite mounds. Shaped like jutting wedges, they form a silhouette against the backdrop of the park and are home to thousands upon thousands of termites.

For nature lovers, the Litchfield National Park is the perfect place to explore. With a range of habitats, including monsoon forests, sprawling escarpments, and ancient gorges, there are plenty of places to spot a range of different plant and animal species. Keep your eyes peeled during your visit and remember to look above, too, as there are plenty of bird species that call this spectacular part of Australia home.

Cameron Ward
Cameron Ward
Managing Director at Sightseeing Tours Australia

Cameron Ward turned his travel passion into a thriving Australian tourism business. Before he co-founded his own business, Sightseeing Tours Australia, he was enjoying being a Melbourne tour guide. Even now, Cameron delights in helping visitors from all around the world get the most out of their incredible Australian trip. You’ll see Cameron leading tours or writing about his favourite Australian places where he shares his local insights.